Frequently asked questions
Distributions and cashing out
If you received distribution forms from your employer, complete them using the accompanying instructions. If you need forms, contact your benefits department to obtain them. You may also be able to download forms by logging in to your plan account.
If you want to roll into an IRA, any money in a Roth 401(k) or 403(b) account will be rolled into a Roth IRA. Non-Roth accounts can be rolled into a traditional IRA or Roth IRA. Rollovers to Roth IRAs from non-Roth accounts are taxable. If you want to roll your money into your new employer’s plan, ask your new employer if you’re eligible and if the plan accepts rollovers. You can’t roll over money from Roth accounts into plans that don’t offer the Roth option.
Talk to your financial professional about the best option for your situation.
American Funds IRA Rollover Specialists are also available to assist you Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. Eastern time. Call 800/421-9923.
You will receive a Form 1099-R from your old plan’s provider indicating that you initiated a direct rollover. There will be no federal income tax withholdings, so your entire balance will be rolled over, and you’ll continue benefiting from the tax advantages. If you roll your money into an IRA, you will receive a Form 5498 and an account confirmation from the IRA trustee or custodian. If you roll your money into a new plan, ask your employer if you will receive confirmation.
What happens if I already took the cash from my account? Can I still roll over to an IRA or to a new plan?
Yes, but you must do so within 60 days of receiving your distribution to keep the tax benefits. This is known as an indirect rollover.
Your employer withheld 20% of the taxable portion of your distribution for federal income taxes. State income taxes may also have been withheld.
If you replace this withholding with your own money, you can roll over the entire amount of your distribution. You’ll get the withholding back from the IRS when you file your taxes.
If you roll over your distribution but don’t replace the withholding, the amount withheld will be considered a distribution subject to taxes and possible penalties.
You can avoid these problems with a direct, or trustee-to-trustee, rollover, in which funds go straight from your old plan’s trustee to an IRA or your new plan’s trustee — not through you.
Company retirement plan rules can vary, but most follow the same basic guidelines. If your account balance is less than $1,000, your plan might cash you out. If your balance is between $1,000 and $5,000, your plan might roll your balance into an IRA selected by your former employer.
You can roll your retirement plan assets into an IRA or move it into a new employer’s plan.
If you want to roll into an IRA, any money in a Roth 401(k) or 403(b) account will be rolled into a Roth IRA. Non-Roth accounts can be rolled into a traditional IRA or Roth IRA. You’ll be responsible for any unpaid taxes on the taxable portion of a Roth IRA rollover. If you want to roll your money into your new employer’s plan, ask your new employer if you’re eligible and if the plan accepts rollovers. You can’t roll over money from Roth accounts into plans that don’t offer the Roth option.
You can generally move the vested portion of your account from one type of plan to another as long as the new plan accepts rollovers.
Your after-tax contributions are only transferable between similar plans (for example, from a 403(b) plan to 403(b) plan), and you must move your money directly between plans.
Check your new plan to see if it accepts rollovers of Roth assets and/or after-tax contributions.
Your employer may require you to sell your shares when you leave the plan. You can then roll the proceeds into an IRA or to your new employer’s plan. Or, if your old plan allows, you can roll your shares from the plan directly into a rollover IRA established through a broker.
Check with your former employer about the rules governing the buying and selling of company stock, as well as the tax consequences. It may be to your advantage to take your distribution in stock rather than cash.
You can move your money to a rollover IRA account. That way, you’re still giving your money the opportunity to grow tax-deferred. You can also keep your money in your former employer’s plan if allowed. If you choose the latter option, you can no longer add to the account balance.
Keep in mind that most plans require that loans be repaid when you leave. However, you may be able to roll the outstanding balance of your loan to your new employer’s plan. You should check with your new employer to find out if the loan will be accepted by the new plan. You cannot roll your loan over to an IRA.
If you can’t move the loan to your new plan, and if you don’t repay the loan within the time allotted, the outstanding balance will be treated as a withdrawal, subject to federal and applicable state and local taxes. If you’re under age 59-1/2, you may also have to pay a 10% early withdrawal penalty unless you qualify for an exception.
Only if your current plan accepts rollovers. Check your plan’s Summary Plan Description (SPD) or talk to your plan’s financial professional to see whether your plan accepts rollovers.
If it does, you’ll need to contact your former employer to obtain and complete a distribution request form. On the form, indicate that you want a direct rollover to your current employer’s plan. You’ll also have to provide your former employer with the new plan’s name and account number and the name of the trustee. You’ll find the plan name and name of the trustee in your SPD. Ask your plan’s financial professional for the plan’s account number.
Yes, provided you take your required distribution from the plan before you roll over your money. The money you receive from required minimum distributions cannot be rolled over.
The IRS says you must begin withdrawing money from your employer plan account(s) by April 1 following the year you turn 70-1/2 or retire, whichever is later (unless you own 5% or more of the company). Withdrawals from Traditional IRAs must begin by April 1 following the year you turn 70-1/2. If you don’t withdraw the minimum amount each year required by the government, the IRS will penalize you with a hefty 50% tax on any amount that should have been withdrawn but wasn’t. Roth IRAs are not subject to required minimum distributions over your lifetime.
It depends on the terms of your plan. Some plans may allow you to roll over any portion of your vested account balance. You should initiate a direct rollover if you want to avoid having federal income tax withheld on the taxable portion of your distribution.
Yes, you can have as many accounts as you like.
You may be able to transfer your IRA balance into your new plan if the new plan accepts rollovers from IRAs. Before rolling your money into a new plan, you should compare the plan’s investment options and withdrawal rules with those of your IRA. You may give up some flexibility or face stricter requirements if you make the move.
However, you’ll be responsible for any unpaid taxes on the taxable portion of a Roth IRA rollover.
Talk to your financial professional about your options. American Funds IRA Rollover Specialists also are available to assist you Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. Eastern time. Call 800/421-9923.
Essentially the same things you look for in any prudent investment: diversification, built-in flexibility and sound, proven management. Mutual funds — like the ones in the American Funds family — are a popular investment choice for all kinds of IRAs because they offer all of these features.
American Funds is one of the most experienced investment managers in the United States. We’ve been managing investors’ assets since 1931. We take a conservative, long-term approach that’s consistent with the needs of most people saving for the future. That’s why most of our shareholders’ investments are intended for retirement.
For more information, see About American Funds.
It depends on your retirement plan. Check your plan’s Summary Plan Description to see when you’re allowed to take a distribution. If you qualify to take a distribution (other than a hardship distribution or a required minimum distribution) and you own American Funds Class A, B or C shares, you can request a direct rollover to an IRA. If you own American Funds Class R shares, they have to be sold so that the proceeds can be used to purchase an IRA with Class A, B or C shares. Certain fee-based broker-dealers offer IRAs with Class F shares.
If I roll my account into an American Funds IRA, what sales charges or account fees will I have to pay?
It depends. Generally, an amount already invested in American Funds can be rolled over into an American Funds IRA without paying any up-front sales charges. Any amount held in investments other than American Funds is subject to applicable sales charges.
A one-time $10 setup fee will be deducted from your account when you open an American Funds IRA. There is also an annual custodian fee (currently $10).
American Funds are sold only through financial professionals because we believe that their expertise and guidance are essential to successful financial planning. Financial professionals are there to answer your questions and help you through the decision-making process. If you would like a referral to a professional in your area who is familiar with our funds and services, please call us at 800/421-4120.
You can take the cash, but financial experts usually advise against it. You may end up with less than you expected because of taxes.
Qualified withdrawals from Roth 401(k) or 403(b) accounts, including earnings, are tax-free. Only the earnings portion of nonqualified withdrawals from Roth accounts is taxable. Withdrawals from Roth accounts are tax-free if the account was established at least five years before, and if you’re at least 59-1/2 years of age or if withdrawals are made because of disability or death. Withdrawals from non-Roth accounts are generally taxable.
If you’re under 59-1/2 when you cash out of your plan, you may also pay a 10% early withdrawal penalty. Some exceptions:
- If you’re 55 or older when you leave your job, withdrawals are penalty-free but still taxable.
- The penalty may not apply if you become disabled, have died or have certain medical expenses.
- If you take your distribution in substantially equal payments for at least five years or until you turn 59-1/2, whichever is longer, you may not have to pay the penalty.
Ask your financial professional for more information about these exceptions.
Not necessarily, although that’s what most plans require. If your employer terminates your retirement plan or if you become disabled, you may be given an opportunity to take a distribution. Also, some profit-sharing plans permit you to draw on your retirement plan money after a fixed number of years, or upon reaching a certain age, such as 59-1/2 or the plan’s designated retirement age.
Yes, if the distribution includes after-tax contributions or Roth after-tax contributions. Non-Roth after-tax contributions can be distributed tax-free, but earnings are taxable. Qualified distributions from Roth 401(k) or 403(b) accounts are tax-free. However, the earnings portion of nonqualified Roth distributions is taxable.
Instead of cashing out your entire account balance, consider taking a distribution for just what you need. That way, you avoid paying applicable taxes and penalties on the rest of your account. The remaining amount can be rolled to an IRA or, possibly, moved to a new employer’s plan or left in your old employer’s plan.
If you take a full distribution and were born before 1936, you may be eligible to use a one-time option known as 10-year forward averaging to reduce the amount of taxes you owe.
With this option, your distribution is treated as a lump-sum distribution and the taxable portion of your distribution is taxed as if it’s your only income over a 10-year period. When forward averaging, the taxes owed are less than the taxes you would pay otherwise in most cases.
A few notes about the 10-year forwarding averaging option:
- Tax rates are based on 1986 rates.
- If you participate in more than one retirement plan with your employer, you must add up all of the distributions from similar plans of the same employer before electing to use forward averaging.
- Forward averaging can only be used on taxable distributions. Any portion of your distribution from after-tax contributions is not taxable.
- This option can be used only once in your lifetime. If there’s a chance you might receive a lump-sum distribution in the future, you should carefully consider whether you want to use the option now.
Check with your financial professional about the specific rules for lump-sum withdrawals.
Contact your personal financial professional or the retirement plan’s financial professional.
Investors should carefully consider investment objectives, risks, charges and expenses. This and other important information is contained in the fund prospectuses and summary prospectuses, which can be obtained from a financial professional or downloaded and should be read carefully before investing.